Types of Stroke
- Ischemic Stroke: Occurs when blood vessels in the brain or neck are blocked, cutting off the circulation of blood and oxygen to the brain. Leading causes include thrombosis, embolism and stenosis. (2)
- Hemorrhagic Stroke: Account for 10-15% of stroke cases, but 30-60% of stroke-related deaths. Occurs when a blood vessel ruptures, leaking blood into the brain, due to an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation. (3)
Stroke Causes and Risk Factors
- High blood pressure
- Being overweight
- Family history of strokes
- High cholesterol
- Alcohol abuse
- Drug use
- Sleep disorders
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Using artificial sweeteners
Stroke SymptomsThe word “FAST” can help you remember the warning signs of a stroke. (4) FAST stands for:
- Face: Smile into the mirror does one side of the face droop?
- Arms: Raise both arms above your head, does one drift or fall, or is one arm unable to raise?
- Speech: Repeat a simple phrase, is the speech slurred or strange?
- Time: If you recognize any of these warning signs of a stroke, dial 911 immediately.
Other stroke symptoms include:
- Headache that is unusual and severe
- Inability to speak
- Sudden weakness on one side of the body
- Paralysis in the face, arm or leg
- Sudden numbness or tingling in any part of the body, including the face
- Severe muscle stiffness that comes on rapidly
- Unsteady walk or poor balance resulting in staggering, weaving or veering
- Vision loss, blurred vision, double vision or trouble focusing
- Dizziness, nausea and vomiting
- Irregular breathing
- Confusion and memory loss
- Loss of consciousness