Which parenting style may harm brain development? Here's where parents have gone wrong, according to psychologists.
Not Enough Free PlaytimeAccording to Dr. Peter Gray, the amount of time kids spend playing freely has declined steadily in the past several decades. Kids today often compete with their parents for freedom. (2)
"We may think we are protecting them," says Dr. Gray. "In fact we are diminishing their joy, diminishing their sense of self-control, preventing them from discovering and exploring the endeavors they would most love, and increasing the odds that they will suffer from anxiety, depression and other disorders." (2)As if the increase in adult control wasn't damaging enough, it turns out many modern parents do a pretty lousy job once they have taken the reins.
Too Many Parenting ShortcutsKids today average at least 30 hours in front of a screen weekly across multiple devices. (3, 4) But it's not because they're lazy. No, according to research, it's largely because parents use screens to pacify their young kids. (5) Of course, handing little Sarah an iPhone is much easier than taking her for a walk. But according to occupational therapist Angela Hanscom, that shortcut is quite damaging. (6)
Children “are not moving like they did in years past. It is rare to find children rolling down hills, spinning in circles just for fun, or climbing trees at great heights. In fact, our society often discourages this type of play due to liability issues and fear of falls.” Partially as a result, she argues, “more and more children are presenting with sensory issues these days.” (6)Sensory issues. Could these children grow up to be more sensitive to different sensory input? Possibly. But more to the point, lack of physical movement will hamper brain development. (7)